The slow food presidiums The presidiums support small traditional culinary productions that are in danger of disappearing, enhance territories, recovering ancient crafts and techniques.
In the Upper Tiber Valley we have two excellent products:smoked Vin Santo (dessert wine) and the“Mazzafegati”(pork liver sausages). They are niche products made by companies that are contributing to safeguard and recover small-scale productions threatened by industrial agriculture. At the same time they are protecting agrifood biodiversity and culture with a sustainable producing process.
Smoked Vin Santo
In the upper Tiber Valley, around Città di Castello, over the centuries the families of farmers have developed a technique that has made Vin Santo a unique and original product: the withering of the grapes or “coppiole” is done in rooms full of smoke coming from fireplaces and stoves, that is why the final product has a subtle smoky flavour. But in the 19th century this tradition intertwined with a rising activity: the tobacco production. For this reason Vin Santo, compared to other similar productions, shows a peculiarity: the link with tobacco, a product that identifies the territory. The Kentucky tobacco varieties, grown in these areas for more than 150 years, have been used to make the famous handmade cigar. Farmers once soaked Kentucky dried leaves into Vin Santo before smoking them and, still today, there is the habit to’ wet ‘ the “Toscano” cigar int Vin Santo. In September and October you can participate to green harvesting while from January to March you can watch the production of dried grapes.
The basic ingredients are the pig meat richest parts of blood. They are parts that wouldn’t be used in other ways, that is the liver, the heart, the lungs, and parts lefts from the main processing. The spicing method varies according to the producer’s tradition.
The “mazzafegato” is the last product prepared with the parts remaining on the counter after the slaughtering of the animal. It consists in the so-called” cleaning of the counter”.